If you’ve ever found yourself puzzling over “why is my blood pressure high in the morning”, you’re not alone. The phenomenon of high blood pressure during these early hours is a well-recognized occurrence with a range of potential explanations.
In case you do not know,
According to the CDC In the year 2021, hypertension was identified as either a major or contributory factor in a total of 691,095 deaths in the United States. Roughly 48.1% of the adult population, which corresponds to approximately 119.9 million individuals, indicate hypertension. Hypertension is characterized by systolic blood pressure above 130 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure surpassing 80 mmHg, or the use of antihypertensive medication.
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What Is Blood Pressure
Blood pressure is a basic physiological indicator that measures the force applied by flowing blood on artery walls as the heart pumps it across the body. This crucial parameter is a significant indication of cardiovascular health and is critical to the normal functioning of the circulatory system as a whole.
To read your blood pressure well you need to know your systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure.
What Is Systolic Blood Pressure
Systolic blood pressure (the higher number) measures the force in your arteries when your heart beats and pumps blood. It reflects the force exerted on your artery walls during each heartbeat. Elevated systolic blood pressure can indicate an increased risk of cardiovascular problems, including heart disease and stroke.
Typically measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg), systolic blood pressure readings can vary across individuals and age groups. Here’s a general breakdown of systolic blood pressure measurement ranges:
Most adults have normal blood pressure if their systolic blood pressure is below 120 mmHg. This means that the force the heart puts on the walls of the arteries when it contracts is well-balanced, which is a sign of a healthy circulatory system.
A blood pressure value of 120 to 129 mmHg indicates an increased blood pressure level. While not considered high blood pressure, this range indicates a greater likelihood of developing hypertension in the future.
Hypertension Stage 1
Readings of systolic blood pressure between 130 and 139 mmHg indicate stage 1 hypertension. This suggests that blood force against artery walls is constantly greater than ideal, thereby raising the risk of heart-related problems.
Hypertension Stage 2
Stage 2 hypertension is defined as systolic blood pressure of 140 mmHg or above. The risk of cardiovascular problems greatly increases in this range, necessitating immediate care and a change in lifestyle.
Systolic blood pressure values above 180 mmHg signal a hypertensive emergency and necessitate prompt medical attention. There must be immediate action taken in order to stop significant health implications from this excessive blood pressure spike.
What Is Diastolic Blood Pressure
Diastolic blood pressure is an important component of total blood pressure measurement since it represents the lower figure that complements the systolic value. This critical statistic offers information on the pressure placed on artery walls during the heart’s resting phase when it is replenishing with blood between heartbeats.
Measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg), diastolic blood pressure signifies the resilience and elasticity of your blood vessels. Here’s a glimpse into the diastolic blood pressure measurement ranges:
A diastolic blood pressure reading below 80 mmHg is typically considered within the normal range for most adults. This indicates that your arteries are relaxed, facilitating healthy blood flow during the heart’s resting phase.
Diastolic blood pressure readings between 80 and 89 mmHg indicate an elevated blood pressure level during the heart’s repose. While not classified as high blood pressure, this range may hint at an increased risk of hypertension.
Hypertension Stage 1
Diastolic blood pressure readings ranging from 90 to 99 mmHg indicate stage 1 hypertension during the heart’s relaxation phase. This suggests that your arteries may be encountering increased resistance, signaling the need for attention and lifestyle adjustments.
Hypertension Stage 2
Diastolic blood pressure measurements of 100 mmHg or higher fall into stage 2 hypertension during the heart’s quiet moments. This range indicates a more significant risk of cardiovascular complications, urging timely intervention.
Diastolic blood pressure readings exceeding 120 mmHg signal a hypertensive crisis, demanding immediate medical attention. Such an extreme elevation in blood pressure necessitates swift action to avert severe health consequences.
Understanding your diastolic blood pressure reading is pivotal for evaluating your cardiovascular health. Regular monitoring, coupled with lifestyle modifications, consultation with healthcare professionals, and proactive measures, empowers you to make informed decisions about your well-being. By comprehending the significance of diastolic blood pressure, you embark on a path of holistic health and cultivate a life rich with vitality and vitality.
Which Is More Important Systolic Or Diastolic Blood Pressure
Systolic pressure and diastolic pressure are the two primary values that comprise a blood pressure reading. Systolic pressure is the force applied to artery walls when the heart contracts and pumps blood into the arteries, whereas diastolic pressure is the residual pressure within the arteries when the heart is at rest between pulses.
Why Is My Blood Pressure High In The Morning
Here are some reasons why your blood pressure might be higher in the morning:
Circadian Rhythms at Play
Your body operates on a natural clock known as the circadian rhythm. During the early hours, particularly around the time you awaken, hormonal activity increases to help you start the day. Hormones like cortisol, often associated with stress response, can temporarily elevate blood pressure as part of this awakening process.
The Dawn Phenomenon
The body’s glucose production tends to increase in the early morning, which can lead to higher insulin levels. Insulin’s action on blood vessels can contribute to a temporary rise in blood pressure.
Sleep Apnea Influence
Individuals with sleep apnea, a condition characterized by interrupted breathing during sleep, may experience surges in blood pressure during the night and early morning. These spikes can persist into waking hours, contributing to higher morning readings.
If you’re taking medications to manage blood pressure, the timing of your doses can impact morning readings. Some medications may have stronger effects during the night or early morning, affecting blood pressure levels.
Dietary choices, caffeine intake, and stress levels can also influence morning blood pressure. Consuming high-sodium or high-caffeine foods, or experiencing stress upon waking, can temporarily elevate blood pressure.
Natural Body Responses
Your body goes through a series of physiological changes as it transitions from sleep to wakefulness. These transitions, including changes in heart rate and vessel constriction, can contribute to temporary increases in blood pressure.
It’s important to note that a single elevated reading in the morning might not necessarily indicate a chronic issue. However, consistent patterns of high blood pressure during this time should not be ignored. Monitoring your blood pressure regularly, keeping track of readings, and discussing any concerns with a healthcare professional are crucial steps. They can provide insight into whether your morning high blood pressure is a temporary response or a potential indicator of underlying health conditions.
Remember, understanding the factors contributing to your morning blood pressure can empower you to make informed choices about your lifestyle, seek appropriate medical guidance, and prioritize your cardiovascular health for a brighter, healthier future.
What Percentage Of The US Population Has High Blood Pressure?
Approximately 70% of individuals residing in the United States are projected to experience elevated blood pressure levels at some point throughout their lifespan. Moreover, it is worth noting that only 25% of individuals diagnosed with hypertension are able to effectively manage their blood pressure levels.